Who among us does not know the Iron Man movie and the story of the genius scientist who invents a robot to be able to save himself? But what do you know about Iron Man in real life? What did he do in the spacecraft industry? What is the truth about his dreams of creating human colonies on Mars?
SpaceX success story
We are talking about Elon Musk, otherwise known as the Real Iron Man, who is the founder of Space Exploration Technologies, a private spacecraft maker. In addition to SpaceX, he founded other companies such as Tesla, the electric car maker, and co-founded PayPal.
Musk was dreaming of a project that he wanted to call “Mars Oasis”, through which he wanted to place a mini greenhouse on Mars containing seeds and a humid to create an appropriate ecosystem for plant growth on Mars. In addition to working on the ecosystem, the other goal was to revive people with NASA projects to colonize and explore Mars, but unfortunately his dreams, rockets and greenhouses were too expensive!
But Musk did not give up and thought of the solution, and in 2002 he founded SpaceX, in Hawthorne, California. Musk’s goals were great and he wanted to design reusable missiles and land on the surface of the earth, and reduce the cost of transportation to space by reusing parts of the missiles that were launched, which he managed to succeed, but after several failed attempts!
A long road full of obstacles ..
At first Elon Musk had to spend his own money to fulfill his dreams, and persuade others of the possibility of private transport to space. In the end he managed to achieve his goal, and now SpaceX is the number 1 in the private spacecraft industry, in addition to that, 80% of the parts of any missile produced by SpaceX are manufactured in the same company!
Since 2002, he paid about $ 100 million to the company himself, before receiving financing from other companies. In 2015 SpaceX raised about $ 1 billion from Google and Fidelity, against 8% of the company’s shares.
The first attempt to launch a SpaceX missile was in 2006 four years after the establishment of the company and it was unsuccessful due to a rust in the engine, and this was also the fate of the second attempt in 2007 as the engines stopped before launching the missile and the third time the missile ended up in the sea, but unfortunately This time it was loaded with a payload for NASA.
As a result of these three failed attempts, the company was on the verge of bankruptcy, but Musk did not surrender and insisted on achieving his dreams and trying again, and during this time he was helped by billionaire Peter Thiel, who was the company’s first foreign investor.
Go … to the sky
Indeed, in 2008 the first successful launch of the SpaceX Falcon 1 rocket with liquid fuel was able to reach orbit around Earth. This was the actual launch of the company, after which successes and commercial deals were followed. In 2008, after the first successful launch of the missile, NASA signed contracts with SpaceX worth $ 1.6 billion in exchange for transporting 20 metric tons of payloads to the International Space Station via 12 space flights.
SpaceX also signed a 75-million-dollar agreement with NASA to develop the design of the special Dragon craft to transport astronauts to and from the International Space Station.
In 2010 SpaceX launched Falcon 9 into orbit around Earth, thereby becoming the first private company to do so. In 2013, it was the first private company to launch a missile into a geotechnical orbit (i.e., Earth orbit).
Also in 2014, after NASA chose SpaceX and Boing as two companies to be funded to develop astronauts transport vehicles, SpaceX won $ 2.6 billion to complete the development and launch of the Dragon 2 spacecraft in 2017.
But on June 28, 2015, on the birthday of its founder, Elon Musk, the missile disappeared shortly after launch and had two NASA payloads on the International Space Station, causing NASA to downgrade its contracts with SpaceX. Also in 2016, the missile exploded before it was launched, while fueling it.
In February this year, SpaceX achieved great success by launching a $ 90 million heavy Falcon missile into orbit, loaded with a Tesla vehicle, and two out of three of the missile’s propulsion boosts were successfully recovered.
The US Air Force recently announced that it intends to send cargo to it on a SpaceX missile. Elon Musk also announced that in the coming years he plans to launch a larger-sized BFR missile than the Falcon Heavy.
It is worth noting that SpaceX plans to connect the Internet to all parts of the world! And that is through a constellation project that carries thousands of satellites that broadcast the internet to every place, including remote areas where there is no internet … Certainly it will be the preferred project for everyone.